Mood Disorders

Mood Disorders


A mood disorders is defined as condition where the general emotional mood is improper and distorted due to some situations. However there are many people that do not understand how serious this disease is. There are two main kind of mood disorders depression (or unipolar depression) and bipolar disorder:

a)   Depression (or unipolar depression) comprises several subtypes:

Major Depression

Major depression or better known as clinical depression is a situation of misery, melancholia or grief which has developed to a point of disrupting an individual’s daily living activities and social functioning. It’s a medical diagnose that is a whole different definition of “being depressed”.


The diagnosis of this mood disorders can be applied where a person meets an adequate number of the indicative criteria for the depression range which was recommended in the ICD-9/ICD-10or DSM-IV-TR. A particular individual is usually suffering from a “clinical depression” without completely meeting the different criteria which are developed for a specified diagnosis on the depression variety. There is a current debate concerning the relative importance of environmental factors, gross brain problems or genetic opposed to the function of psychosocial.

Major Depression :

Psychosis is defined as a general psychiatric word for a particular mental state which where awareness and feelings are severely damaged. People who experience an episode of psychotic may experience hold delusional beliefs, exhibit disorganized thinking, hallucinations and displays personality changes.

An episode of psychotic is regularly explained as a “loss of contact with reality”.

Psychotic experience

An episode of psychotic can drastically be affected by mood. For instance; people experiencing an episode of psychotic in the circumstances of obsession which may form an experience of deep religious importance or grandiose hallucinations while people who are experiencing a whole different episode in the depression situation might probably experience self-blaming delusions, hallucinations or persecutory. Even though it is usually upsetting and is considered as a process of an illness, several people who have experienced psychosis discovers positive aspects and tend to value the exposure or experience from it.


For diagnosing a main depressive mood disorders (cautionary statement) which is according to the DSM-IV-TR criteria, one of these following two elements are required to be present for duration of at least two weeks:

  • Depressed mood
  • Anhedonia

It is very important to have whichever of these mood disorders symptoms with the combination with five of from the list of other symptoms over the two weeks period. These consist of:

  • Trouble absorbing or making decisions or a comprehensive slowing and obtunding (to dull or blunt, especially sensation or pain) of cognition, including memory.
  • Continuing thoughts of death (not the fear of dying), frequent suicidal ideation without any particular plan, or an attempt suicide or a precise plan for suicidal.
  • Changing appetite and marked weight gain or loss.
  • Feelings of vast sadness or panic or the seeming incapability towards feeling emotional (emptiness).
  • Fatigue, mental or physical, also loss of energy.
  • A decrease in the amount of interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities of the day, nearly every day.
  • Feeling of being abandoned by those close to you.
  • Disturbed sleep patterns, such as insomnia, loss of REM sleep, or excessive sleep (Hypersomnia).
  • Psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day.
  • Intense feelings of guilt, helplessness, hopelessness, worthlessness, isolation/lonliness, anxiety, and/or fear.


It is a mood disorder form in where depression characters evolved by a lack of enjoyment in life that continuously for about two years. It is different from the clinical depression because of the symptoms. This particular mood disorder prevents an individual from functioning, affecting their daily activities and sleeping pattern.

Mood Disorders And Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression which is also comes in a different term; postnatal depression is a major depression form where it affects women more frequently than men after giving birth. It is treatable.

Baby Blues

Baby blues are a momentary and gentle kind of ‘moodiness’ which 80% of postpartum women are suffering from. Usually, the symptoms last for several days or few hours and it include hypochondriacs, tearfulness, impairment of concentration, headache, irritability and sleeplessness.


The postpartum depression (PPD) diagnostic criteria are similar to the major depression, which excludes to differentiate PPD from the gentle, momentary baby (maternity) blues; the symptoms must be there one month postpartum. During pregnancy depression can also occur (ante-natal depression). There are also other kinds of postpartum mood disorders which does not have depression involved. For instance; a mother might present postpartum OCD (including pure-O OCD) and a postpartum anxiety. The post-partum OCD symptoms consist of obsessive thoughts, anxiety, depression, recurring intrusive thoughts, fears, and avoidance behavior.

Causes of Postpartum Depression

There also disorders those are not all causes by PPD which are known. Many factors have been acknowledged.

  • Low social support
  • Single parent
  • Prenatal depression, i.e., during pregnancy
  • Maternity blues
  • Low self esteem
  • Poor marital relationship
  • Infant temperament problems/colic
  • Unplanned/unwanted pregnancy
  • Childcare stress
  • Prenatal anxiety
  • Life stress
  • History of previous depression

b)   Bipolar disorder is known as a manic depression due to the mood of person which can change between the “poles” depression (lows) and mania (highs). It changes the “mood swings” or mood which can last for months, weeks, days or even hours. The subtypes of this disorder include:

  • Bipolar I
  • Bipolar II
  • Cyclothymia

Mood Disorders: Effects

Mood Disorders

Mood Disorders

Cyclothymia is a never-ending bipolar disorder which where it includes short periods of mild depression which changes with short periods of hypomania. It is believed. The beginning of each stage is divided by short periods of normal mood.

The Schizoaffective disorder is a psychiatric diagnosis which describes a certain condition in where both of the psychosis and mood disorder symptoms are present. It usually starts during the earlier stage of adulthood and is very common among women. There are two sub-types of schizoaffective disorder which are the depressive type and the bipolar type.

Researches of clinical psychiatric are increasingly implying that bipolar and unipolar mood disorders are continuous individual in complete mood variety. The variety runs endlessly from schizo-bipolar disorder to unipolar depression along with disorders of anxiety are running across the gamut.

Nonetheless, there are several professionals have disputes over this statement. Some maintains that bipolar disorder, for instance may perhaps be biochemically closer to schizophrenia compared to the unipolar depression.

Also, there are also mood disorders forms that are prone to women specifically. Relating to the physiological events like giving birth, menopause and pregnancy. It also includes Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and Postpartum Psychosis. Mood disorders are one of the serious mental illness that must be cures at its initial stages.

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