Bipolar disorder is a type of illness that describes great changes in behavior, energy, mood, thoughts and the ability to function. However, it is a curable disease. The illness is not a character of imperfection or a personal weakness; it is when a person has a mood change between the mania (highs) and depression (lows). These mood or mood swings can sometimes last for hours, days, weeks and even months. Bipolar disorder symptoms are severe and can result in poor job or school performance, suicides and damaged relationships.
The Bipolar disorder are known by many different names such as manic depression, manic-depressive illness, manic-depressive disorder, bipolar mood disorder and some medical terms. The disorder is categorized into four different categories which are the Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymic Disorder, or Bipolar Disorder. The Bipolar disorder form is divided by mental health experts into these four categories due to the fact that the symptoms of the disorder are showed differently in different patients. Once a doctor discovers what type of disorder a certain person has, then they can specifically treat the person with the right type of medication.
Both men and women can be affecting by the Bipolar disorder. The first symptoms of bipolar disorders for most people are mostly detected during their early twenties. Researches, however has shown that the bipolar disorder first stage are occurring earlier compared to before. Today, it can be found among the teenagers, even children as young as ten years old seems to be having this disorder.
Recently, researches shows that teens and kids with bipolar disorder do not always have the exact patterns of behavioral compared to adults with bipolar disorders. For instance, kids with bipolar disorder may have experience mood changing rapidly and some other symptoms relating to the disorder such as high levels of anxiety and bad tempers. However, they may not show symptoms that you can usually see in adults.
The ways people with disorder act and feel are all affected because the function of the brain is involved. Because of this, it makes it very difficult for other people to understand their conditions. It is very frustrating if people act as if that a person with bipolar disorders should just “snap out of it”. It is like as if saying that if you are sick, you can just become well whenever you want to. Bipolar disorder is a very serious medical condition which requires treatment, similarly to any other conditions.
The illness is usually not recognized as a disease and there are many people who suffer it for years before it is diagnosed and treated properly. The bipolar disorder is a long term disease that requires treatment throughout a person life just like heart or diabetes disease.
Over two million adults in America are affected by the Bipolar disorder. From the past researches, women tend to start off with a depressive stage while men usually begin with the episode of manic. Both men and women at an equal number develop this illness and it is found among all races, social classes, ethnic groups and all ages. Bipolar disorder tends to run in families and is usually genetic. So, if a father has it, there might be a possibility that the children might develop the illness. Bipolar disorder, like depression and other serious illness it also has a negative affect on partners and spouses, family members, co workers and friends.
The Bipolar disorder is a very common diseases and it occurs one percent out of the population. However, there are many people who are still suffering from it as they are still not diagnosed and being treated yet.
Bipolar disorder Symptoms
Usually, the Bipolar disorder is not recognized by the patient itself, relatives, friends and even physicians. Hypomania is the earliest sign of manic-depressive illness which is where a person shows extreme moodiness, a high level of energy, irritability and reckless behavior.
A person experiencing hypomania may undergo fine feelings experiencing it. However when family and friends tend to recognize the mood swings, the person usually denies there is anything wrong with them. In the early stages, the bipolar disorder hides itself as being a mental illness problem. For instance, it would first appear as drug or alcohol abuse, poor performance of work or school. If you leave the bipolar untreated, it will get worst and the patient will be experiencing clinical depression and full-fledged mania episodes.
When a person is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, he or she will go through episodes of mania (highs) and sometimes experience episodes of depression (lows). Actually these are not the normal periods of sadness and happiness which everyone experiences from time to time. These episodes are instead severe mood swings, like a pendulum which keeps arching higher and higher.
The mania symptoms include:
Lesser need of sleep
difficulty in concentration
extreme moodiness and exaggerated confidence
physical and mental activity increasing
extreme impatience, aggressive behavior, and irritability
racing speech and thoughts
inflated sense of self-importance
irresponsible behavior such as making sudden decisions, erratic driving, and spending excessively
The depression symptoms of consists of:
failure to sleep or too much sleep
the loss of interest in regular daily activities
drop in grades and failure to concentrate
overeating or loss of appetite
incapability of experiencing enjoyment
irritable mood or prolonged sad
worthlessness or feelings of guiltiness
excessive thoughts of death or wanting to commit suicide
exhaustion or energy loss
worry, anxiety, and anger
Episodes of mania or depression in adulthood usually last for weeks or maybe months even though its duration is shorter. For teenagers and children, these episodes are much shorter however a teenager or a kid can go back and fourth between mania and depression the whole time during the day.
Depression or mania episodes have the possibilities to occur occasionally and it tends to follow an unpredictable pattern or they might be connected. Usually an episode of mania always follows a period of depression or vice versa. There are times these episodes has a pattern which occurs seasonally. For instance; episodes of mania during the spring season and followed by depression during the season of winter.
A person with bipolar disorder normally would return to normal or known as near-normal functioning between episodes. However, in some cases, there are people that have no break period or have a little between their cycles. These certain mood swings changes slowly or rapidly which cycles between depression and mania which is being very common among the children, teens and women.
There are some people with bipolar disorders tends to turn to dugs and alcohol because they ten to feel better temporarily whenever they are high. However using drugs and alcohol can result disastrously for people with bipolar disorder. Actually abuse of substance can make the bipolar disorder symptoms worsen which as well making it harder for the doctors to diagnose the patient.
Loving someone with bipolar disorder
The bipolar disorder like any other kind of serious illness can cause problem for family members and friends. When living with someone who experiences extreme and uncontrollable mood swings, it can be very stressful and there are a series of cases about misunderstandings and confrontations.
Abuses of drug and alcohol are very common among people with bipolar disorder and these abuses can make symptoms more severe. These substantial abuses may be a sign of a lack of judgment which is brought by the illness or a self-medication act by the patient. This why experts find it very important to recognize such problems in bipolar patients and ensures that they are treated by specialists as soon as possible before it becomes severe.
Effective management of substance misused has two benefits:
It either minimizes or prevents the impact negativity of alcohol and drugs on the sufferer and their family.
Increases the successfulness of bipolar disorder treatment
The penalty of a person with bipolar sufferer has to pay for the euphoric high is a rolling low. It also just as hard to cope with among family and friends. During the manic stage, a sufferer can be the soul and life of the party and the other times, they rather withdraw into themselves.
Bipolar disorder patients tend to be restless or irritable unable to enjoy their usual activities, disturbed eating patterns and sleep. These mood swings can be very upsetting among family members due to bipolar disorder, most specially children who might feel that they have done something wrong to cause these mood swings.
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